Our Therapy Services:
We provide occupational, speech and physical therapy. A typical therapy session takes place on the back of the horse, in our on-site treatment room and in the natural environment of the barn. Equine-assisted therapy is treatment that incorporates equine activities and/or the equine environment. Hippotherapy is a physical, occupational, and speech-language therapy treatment strategy that utilizes equine movement as part of an integrated intervention program to achieve functional outcomes.
In hippotherapy (HPOT, from the Greek "hippo" meaning "horse") the therapist uses the movement of the horse to address the patient’s challenges, such as deficits in balance, strength, endurance, coordination, communication, and attention. This therapy does not teach riding skills; rather the goals are geared towards independence with activities of daily living and increased participation in family, school and community life.
How does the horse’s movement help?
The movement of the horse creates a multi-sensory experience that is controlled by a skilled horse handler under the direction of the therapist. The three-dimensional movement imparted to the patient from the horse's movement creates a pattern that is similar to normal walking in the patient. This movement cannot be duplicated in traditional clinical settings. As a result of the horse's movement, the patient makes improvements with balance, strength, coordination, and postural control. In addition, the horse’s rhythmic movement and patient’s position on the horse can be changed, to provide specific and regulating input to balance, hearing, visual, skin and joint sensory receptors. Once regulated, patients are able to interact with their environment and have improved shared attention and communication.
Improvements in all of these areas can result in increased independence with activities such as walking, dressing and playing.
How do the different therapy disciplines use hippotherapy?
- The physical therapist can overlay a variety of motor tasks on the horse’s movement to address the motor needs of each patient and to promote functional outcomes in skill areas related to gross motor ability such as sitting, standing, and walking.
- The occupational therapist is able to combine the effects of the equine movement with other standard intervention strategies to work on fine motor control, sensory integration, feeding skills, play skills, attention and self-regulation skills, and functional daily living skills in a progressively challenging manner.
- The speech-language pathologist utilizes the movement of the horse to facilitate improved respiratory function, breath control, and oral-motor function. These effects are combined with standard speech and language intervention techniques to target articulation, fluency, and auditory processing. Using the natural environment, the therapist also addresses expressive language, receptive language, and social pragmatics.
Social Skills Group
Little Bit offers group social skills classes for children ages 5-9 having challenges getting along with peers.
This class will be conducted by an Occupational Therapist and will utilize a variety of approaches, including aspects of The Alert Program, The Social Thinking Curriculum, Collaborative Problem Solving, and Kelso’s Choices. The class will feature:
- An active approach in the novel setting of an enclosed, covered horse arena
- Physical challenges, including vaulting and “gymnastics on horseback.”
- Role playing to learn specific skills for problem solving
- A positive atmosphere, teaching participants to look for the positive and care for one another
- One horse shared among the group. Participants will have some time on the back of the horse, but riding skills will not be taught.
- The group will be led by an occupational therapist and involve a professional horse handler, and specially-trained volunteers.